The development of a baby and child’s movements is referred to as Gross motor development. These movements occur in predictable and sequential patterns, which we refer to ask gross motor milestones.
Development occurs in a top to bottom fashion with initial primitive reflexes progressing to postural reflexes, then finally full goal orientated and purposeful movements.
From 1-3 years development consists of refinements in in movements including balance, co-ordination and speed. By the time school begins a child is able to perform more complex tasks.
Below is a summary of the gross motor milestones from ages 3-6 years.
· Balances on one foot for 3 seconds
· Goes up stairs, alternating feet, no rail
· Pedals tricycle
· Walks heel to toe
· Catches ball with stiff arms
· Balances on one foot 4-8 seconds
· Hops on one foot two to three times
· Standing broad jump: 1 to 2 feet
· Throws ball overhand10 feet
· Catches bounced ball (41⁄2 years)
· Walks downs stairs with rail, alternating feet
· Balance son one foot for greater than 8 seconds.
· Hops on one foot 15 times
· Running broad jump 2-3 feet
· Walks backward heel-toe
· Jumps backward
· tandem gait.
(References available on request)